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China Wholly Foreign Owned Enterprise Information

Update Date:2020-5-19 12:39:38     Source:www.3737580.com     Views:253

China Wholly Foreign Owned Enterprise Information
Hotline: 86-755-82143348, Email:amyhuang@citilinkia.com
A Wholly Foreign-Owned Enterprise (WFOE, sometimes incorrectly WOFE) is a common investment vehicle for mainland China-based business wherein foreign parties (individuals or corporate entities) can incorporate a foreign-owned limited liability company.[1] The unique feature of a WFOE is that involvement of a mainland Chinese investor is not required, unlike most other investment vehicles (most notably, a sino-foreign joint venture).

Advantages for China Wholly Foreign Owned Enterprise
WFOE allows for complete control over business decision making, without considering a Chinese partner.
Can formally engage in business activities; issuing RMB invoices to clients and receiving RMB revenues
Profits can be converted to foreign currency for repatriation.
Can engage in product sales both domestically and internationally.
More effective means of protecting technical information and trade secrets.
Allows for full authority over staffing.
In many cases, requires only one director (there may be additional directors required in some cases), who can be of any nationality and reside anywhere outside of China.
Requires only one investor, can be of any nationality and reside anywhere outside of China. Corporate investors are also permitted.



Wholly foreign owned enterprises are permitted to register in cases where at least half of their annual output is exported or if the nature of their operations relies heavily on advanced technology and the application of this high technology is beneficial to China. Approval to establish a wholly foreign owned enterprise is granted much more sparingly when compared to joint ventures.

Like joint ventures, wholly foreign owned enterprises are in most cases required to balance their foreign exchange and are allowed to occupy facilities other than those managed by the Foreign Management Bureau. As a Chinese legal entity they may sign separate contracts with the appropriate government authorities or Chinese business entities to acquire land use rights, rent buildings, and receive utility services.Wholly foreign owned enterprises enjoy exclusive management control of their business activities and have autonomy in their operation and management with less interference from the Chinese government. Because there is no Chinese partner to guide the project through the approval process and through the other regulatory issues associated with construction and operation of the enterprise, the logistics of establishing a wholly foreign owned enterprise can be difficult and costly.

A wholly foreign owned enterprise is considered a Chinese legal entity and must abide by all Chinese laws. They must employ Chinese labor in accordance with local and central government labor laws and are encouraged to establish trade unions (but not required to do so.Traditionally the wholly foreign owned enterprise has rarely been the chosen method for investment in China. The independence offered to the foreign investor is often outweighed by the lack of direct links to the domestic economy. Most international corporations choose to establish joint ventures for the relationships and connections provided by the Chinese partners.

Recently some major international players in China's telecommunications industry including AT&T and Ericsson have set up wholly owned enterprises to handle much of the domestic management originally handled by their representative office. They have done so only after years of business experience in China and despite their registration as a wholly foreign owned enterprise, maintain the registration of their representative office.

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